Maximos the Confessor
- Theologian who led the struggle against Monotheletism (q.v.), whose works had a great influence on Byzantine mystics, and on western theologians. His opposition to Monotheletism took the form of organizing church synods in North Africa (q.v.) in 646, and supporting Pope Martin I (q.v.) in 649, for which Maximos was imprisoned, tortured, and exiled. He died in exile in Lazika (q.v.) in 662. His theological works, which were themselves influenced by the mysticism of pseudo-Dionysios the Areopagite (q.v.), had an influence on the ninth-century western philosopher Johannes Scotus Erigena, as well as on many western theologians, including Bernard of Clairvaux, Thomas Aquinas (q.v.), Robert Grosseteste, Meister Eckhart, and Nicolas of Cusa.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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